Deportations from the province of Achinsk

Deportations from the province of Achinsk

In our region, the first mass deportation hit the province of Achinsk, in particular the districts of Beryosovka, Nazarov, Bogotol and Achinsk. In February 1930 a few thousand farm families including the children were deported to the north to Makovka (the village of Makovskoe) in the Yenissey district on the Ket' River. They were transported in sledges under the escort of armed guards. Many children and old people died on the way. On the Ket' River the internal exiles were huddled together, some in log huts of local peasants, others in hastily built barracks or even in shelters covered only with branches and leaves. In spring, mass infections broke out. But as luck would have it, early in summer the guards withdrew and the majority of exiles was able to get away from these godforsaken places.

Some families, however, did not succeed in getting away from Makovka. In the autumn of 1930 some of them were taken from Makovka to the gold mines of Sovrudnik (today North-Yenisseysk).

Subsequently, the second half of 1930 and 1931, the right bank of the Chulym River became the main destination of deportations from the province of Achinsk: swamps and burned-out woodlands at its middle and lower reaches (today Tegul'det district, province of Tomsk), and further north to the Chichkayul Basin. One of the less significant places of internal exile is the burned out Chulsk woodlands (today Tyukhtet).

Later, some of the exiles from these territories were moved to the mines of the Tissul district (today Kemerovo region) or to the Saralinsk mines (Northwest-Khakassia), but the majority stayed on the other side of the Chulym River until their final release.

From the southern part of the province of Achinsk, from the Ushur district, they also deported the exiles at first to the Chulym River, but later they started sending them directly to the Saralinsk and other mines in the Northwest-Khakassian mountains, to the Saralinsk and Chebakovsk districts (today Shira) in the Autonomous Region of Khakassia.

In the years 1932-1933, farmers were also sent into internal exile to the Northwest. However, these deportations were already less extensive than those of the years 1930-1931. Thus, we know about the deportation in the summer of 1933 from the southwestern part of the province of Achinsk to Mogochin (on the Ob River where it joins the Chulym). There is also information on deportations from those places carried out in the summer of 1932 to Karkassok (down the Ob River to the north). But they are possibly inexact, and it cannot be ruled out that they also happened in the summer of 1933.