Main places of internal exile of farmers within our region
Many of the mentioned places of exile cannot be found at all on the maps open
to public use or it is very difficult to identify them. The objects outlined in
the list below are of a very different nature. They refer to different exile
streams and different periods of repression. In view of this heterogeneity some
points need to be explained in a few brief additional notes.
- Krasnoyarsk: mainly the right bank of the river: the Woodworking Factory
No.1 (later the Woodworking Combinate), the Woodworking Factories No.3 and 4
(Pashenniy Island), as well as subsidiary farms attached to these works.
- The sub region of Yartsevo (originally district of Turuchansk, then
district of Yartsevo, today district of Yenisseysk): labor settlements Nikulino, Krivlyak, Tamarovo,
Nishne-shadrino, a sovkhoz (State farm) called Yenukidze (later named Molokova: the areas around
Fomka, Smolny, Griva), Gorodok and Sherchanka (Serchanka) on the River Kas.
- Mana district: labor settlements Bol'shoy-Ungut, Maloy-Ungut, Narva,
Lebyashe on the Mana River, Oreshnoye, Murtuk, Anastassino and others.
- The Kansk woodworking factory and a subsidiary farm attached to it.
- The Yenisseysk woodworking factory (settlement named Kuybysheva???).
- The Maklakovo woodworking factory (today Lesosibirsk).
- Tatarka, Rybnoye, the area around Greben, as well as South-Yenisseysk,
Rasdolinsk (in the Udereysk, today Motogynsk, district).
- The settlement of Sovrudnik (North-Yenisseysk), the Teya, Penchenga,
Elisabetka, Mikhailovsky mines.
- Igarka with a subsidiary farm called "Polyarny" (situated on an
- The village of Kureyka and the settlement of Noginsk with the
"Yubileyny" mine (today Svetlogorsk).
- Makovka (Makovsk, the village of Makovskoe in the Yenissey district) on
the Ket' River. Place of mass deportations (several thousand people) in February-March 1930,
mainly farmers from the Achinsk region, but also from the Bol'shaya Murta and,
probably, the Pirovskoye districts. In the summer of 1930 they let the majority of
deportees go or escape from Makovka.
- The burned-out Chulsk woodlands: settlement Chindat, Minusinka, Bogotolka
and others, today district of Tuchtet (earlier Birilyussi district). Place of farmers'
deportations in the years of 1930-1931, mainly from the Achinsk and Minusinsk regions.
- The Saralinsk mines: settlement Glavstan (Vyerkhny Stan), Tayozhny,
Podvinsk, Bogoyul and others. Place of farmers' deportations, particularly from the Achinsk
region and North-Khakassia from 1930. Location: along the River Sarala, district of Saralinsk,
Autonomous Region of Khakassia (today Ordzhonikidze district, Republic of Khakassia).
Present name of place - settlement Ordzhonikidzevsky.
- Chebakovsk district, Autonomous Region of Khakassia (today Shira
district, Republic of Khakassia): mine "Kommunar".
- The Ol'khovka mines: Artyomovsk (Ol'khovka), Tinsuk and Chibizhek. Place
of deportations of farmers as of 1930, mainly from the province of Minusinsk (from the
districts of Minusinsk, Irdinskoye, Kuragino, Yermakovo). There were also exiles from
south-west Ukrainia and Leningrad. Location: Artyomovsk district (today district of
- Vilisty (the Bol'she-Vilistovsk mechanized timber station) - permanent
place of exile as of 1930, which, at the beginning, local farmers passed through and later Polish
nationals, Volga Germans, Black Sea Greeks, Kalmucks, Ukrainians, Lithuanian citizens.
Location: on the left banks of the Mana, downstream from Vyezhy' Log, Mana district.
- Ust-Barga (later Krasnoyarsk-45, today Zelenogorsk), the Barginsk mica
mines - place of deportations of farmers as of 1930, mainly from adjacent districts, but also
from the province of Minusinsk. Location: on the River Kan, district of Rybinsk. Further to the
north, in the mountains, on the other side of the Kan, there was the Bogunay mine.
- The labor settlement of Garevoy (Garevoye) in the Yemel'yanovo district
-place of deportations of farmers as of 1930 or 1931 (locals, but also farmers from
Transbaikalia). Later permanent place of deportations, including deportations that followed
camp terms, until 1956 and even later.
- The labor settlement of Uyar - place of deportations of farmers,
particularly from the province of Kansk and the Kezhma district. Location: on the Kova River (left
tributary of the Angara), Kezhma district.
- The labor settlements Kodinsk (today town of Kodinsk) and Kossoy Byk - as
above. Location: on the left tributary of the Angara, Kezhma district.