The deportation of Kalmyks (in December 1943)

The deportation of Kalmyks (in December 1943)

Deported Kalmyks were taken to our region early in 1944. Some remained in Krasnoyarsk, in the woodworking combinate. They were put into three barracks in the rear of the stables that belonged to the combinate, in which exiled farmers had formerly lived. Since then these barracks were called "Kalmyk barracks" and the nearby shop bears this name still today.

This stream of exiles was scattered to all directions within our region: to the area around Vilisty on the upper course of the Mana, as well as to the Upper Chulym (settlement of Tamozhenka in the south-western Balakhta district), to the district of Yartsevo, to Predivinsk and to Khakassia. The majority of exiled Kalmyks, however, who had never ever seen a forest before, ended up on the taiga, which they were completely unable to adapt. During the first winter a considerable number of exiles lost their lives. It is to be supposed that those Kalmyks who had been taken away to Khakassia found themselves in a slightly better situation.

The NKVD used to issue and keep "personal files" on the Kalmyks. They were released in 1956 and repatriated in an organized manner.


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