"Repeaters"

"Repeaters"

In the spring and particularly in the summer of 1949 (according to our records) they started to carry through repeated arrests of former political prisoners (sometimes even those, who had already served their sentence before the war). Their passports were taken away and they were put into prison, some for 2-3 months, others for a year or more. They usually took them to interrogations endeavouring to "bring up a new case," but as a rule the Special Board of the Ministery of State Security would finally write out an exile term based on the former "old" file. In general such transports of exiles did not go straight to their final destination but through a transit prison. Upon arrival in the region of exile (in our case, Krasnoyarsk) the exiles were at first put into prison, into the transit cell.

One, two days or a week later "takers" came to the prison in order to buy slave laborers, and they took along to their enterprises those exiles found fit for work: to building sites, mines or timber processing industries, this time without escort. Those exiles who were refused by all "buyers" were usually sent into kolkhoz farms. At the place of internal exile the former prisoners were put under military command. During the first years they had to appear for a check twice or three times a month, from 1953 only once a month.

In Norilsk, Dudinka, Kansk and other places the former prisoners were (usually) not put behind bars, but simply summoned to the militia, which took away their passports, tore them into pieces and put the people under military command.

Arrests of "repeaters" in our region: These are firstly arrests of former prisoners who had returned from different camps in 1945-1948 (or earlier), and secondly arrests of those former prisoners who had stayed in our region after their release from the Norillag, Kraslag and other camps. We do not know about any cases, when "repeaters" from our region were exiled to places outside our region.

Besides, "repeaters" from various places were exiled into our region: from Moscow and Leningrad (including the Leningrad region), from the Volga Region, from Central Russia, from West-Siberia. We also know about cases of deportations of "repeaters" into our region from Ukraina and Belorus, but this apparently happened less often.

There were no isolated cases of arrests or convictions to an "eternal settlement" of former prisoners who had been sentenced "merely" under section 58-10 (for example, in West-Siberia, from where they were exiled into our region).

The stream of exiled "repeaters" decreased in 1952. It finally ceased in 1953.

The "repeaters" were released from exile in the summer and autumn of the year 1954, and all of them received passports. However, the ethnic Germans. as well as representatives of other "anti-Soviet nationalities" were simply put into a different category of exiles. They were finally released in 1956. 


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