Convicts sentenced to a five years' exile in the 1940s

Convicts sentenced to a five years' exile in the 1940s

As of the autumn of 1942 they started to dispatch transports of "members of the families of traitors to the motherland" into our region, who had been sentenced by the OSO of the NKVD under Section 58-1 "B". Already in September 1942 they unloaded a complete train of exiles with five years' term in Achinsk, familes with children from Moscow and the Moscow region. This train had been loaded in the "Novinka", the Novinsk women's prison (in Moscow). The exiles were sent away, down the Chulym River to the north, mainly to the Birilyussy district.

A little later, this time in Krasnoyarsk, they unloaded exiles from the prison in Yelets (district of Orlov, today district of Lipetsk), who had been sentenced to five years' term.

They were sent into exile in the Sukhobuzimsk district (and possibly to the Bol'shemurta district), north of Krasnoyarsk. This transport apparently was not a very big one, and it was carried through in common wagons, with numbered reserved seats, and not in "cattle cars".

In the year 1943 a transport carrying convicts from Kursk with an exile term of five years arrived. Some of the exiles from this transport were kept in Krasnoyarsk. Besides, there was at least one transport from Novgorod.

In the summer of 1945 they unloaded a train in Krasnoyarsk with convicts from the northern parts of Belorus (the Vitebsk and Grodno districts) sentenced to a five years' exile term. Many of them were kept in Krasnoyarsk and its surroundings.

We have knowledge on cases that convicts sentenced to five years' term were released before the term had come to an end, since their convicted relative-"traitors" had been cleared of their charge for lack of evidence; this happened during the war, for example in 1944. And in fact, the vast majority of the files issued on these "traitors" had been forged.

Arrests and exiles of members of the family of traitors to the motherland also took place in our region. However, these were the families of front-line soldiers. Thus, they sent exiles with five years' term from the southern districts of the Krasnoyarsk region to the district of Birilyussy. And from the godforsaken camp areas and places of exile of the "Reshotinsk" taiga, to the district of Uyar, not far from Krasnoyarsk! It is evident that there were no more places left, where they could deport all the people to.

Upon the ending of the term the exiles who had been sentenced to five years were released and given passports. We are not aware of any cases of exiles sentenced under Section 58-1 "B" into our region, who had been sent away from the Irkutsk region, etc.