Deportations from the province of Kansk

Deportations from the province of Kansk

In the first months of the year 1930 one peculiarity of the deportations from the province of Kansk was the complete disorder in which they were carried out. In March a great trek of exiled farmers began from the Petrovsk (today Partisansk) district to Makovka (see above, survey on the province of Achinsk). During this time, possibly even earlier, early in 1929, farmers were deported from the district of Aginskoye (today Sayan district) to the local mines: Ivanovka, Karagan. From the districts north of Kansk, deportation streams already started flowing from February 1930 to the Baginsk mica mines (on the middle reaches of the Kan River) and on the Angara River to the small settlement of Kodinsk (today town of Kodinsk), to Kossoy Byk and Uyar (on the Kova River). There they deported exiles from the plains of the respective provincial districts.

There is information on deportations to Igarka, which had been carried out in summer 1930, but only straight from the Kansk district. Similar information from other districts is not known to us.

From the old villages of the Kezhma district the exiles were displaced to the labor settlement of Kossoy Byk; this happened in 1930 as in 1931. To the small settlement of Kodinsk they mainly deported exiles from other districts.

In 1931 a considerable exile stream flooded from the Kansk region to Igarka, mainly farmers from the central districts of the Kansk region. When the construction of barracks to replace the previous dug-outs was finished, many of them were given names, such as Kansk, Ilansk, Irbeysk, etc., barracks.

A few exiles from the Kansk region were sent to the woodworking factories in Kansk in 1931. But the vast majority in these factories were exiles from Ukraine and Transbaikalia.

In 1931 some of the transports with exiles from Kansk were sent to the east. One of these trains went to Transbaikalia, to Bushuley station. But shortly afterward the exiles were moved to the Cheremkhovo coal mines. Another train of exiles was unloaded at Zima station, from which the deportees were taken to the timber processing industries in the taiga.

Concerning the year 1932 we do not have any information on the deportation of farmers, but in the summer of 1933 they again displaced farmers from the Kansk district (possibly also from adjacent districts) to Kansk and then sent them on prisoner trains (for unknown reasons) to the Altay. Perhaps they made preparations to transport them to Kazakhstan, to which a mass stream of exiles from Transbaikalia flooded. However, from Barnaul the train changed directions to Tomsk; here the deportees were transferred to barges, taken to the Bachkarsk district and put under military command, which meant having to appear for registration and periodic checks.